Name of client: Directorate General For Maritime Affairs and Fisheries
Name of partners: MRAG, IDDRA
Dates (start/end): 12/2010-11/2011
The overall objective of this study is that of shedding light on the costs and benefits of establishing maritime zones in the Mediterranean Sea, by:
– Identifying the existing maritime zones established in the Mediterranean Sea, including protected areas falling within such zones and/or on the High Seas, their related rights and obligations, the impact on economic activities carried out therein, together with environmental and social considerations.
– Identifying the potentialities and challenges to further maritime zone establishment in the Mediterranean Sea and its sub-regions, and developing scenarios as appropriate, taking into account the current status as a point of departure.
– In turn, qualifying and quantifying to the greatest extent possible the direct and indirect costs and benefits of maritime zone establishment, for both existing and potential zones/scenarios, also in the light of national, regional, European Union and international policy goals, legislation and agreements.
The contractor collected the relevant basic material, facts and related analyses through desk research and targeted explorative interviews with key actors in the field.
The study will provide, on the basis of the evaluation carried out & ensuing results, conclusions as to:
• How and for which reasons is the extension of jurisdiction and the establishment of areas for the protection and management of marine resources, a viable course of action in the Mediterranean or not;
• Which economic activities are most affected by the above;
• Whether higher enforcement of the maritime zones and areas in question leads to more compliance with the agreed rules and provisions, and corresponding justifications;
• Whether certain types of maritime zones could be more easily established than others including the advantages and disadvantages, costs and benefits, of such establishment.
Recommendations should be elaborated, taking into account the respective levels of competencies and responsibilities, i.e. between coastal States, the flag States, the EU, regional and international organizations.
Lamans was responsible to implement the data gathering in:
3. Bosnia & Herzegovina
In addition LAMANS contributed with data and analysis from the Eastern Mediterranean.