Name of client: Department of Fisheries and Marine Research, Cyprus
Name of partners: AP MARINE LTD, NAGREF
Dates (start/end): 9/2011-5/2012
The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) establishes a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy. Within this framework, Member States (MS) shall take the necessary measures to achieve or maintain Good Environmental Status in the marine environment by the year 2020 at the latest. For that purpose, marine strategies shall be developed and implemented in order to protect and preserve the marine environment, prevent its deterioration or, where practicable, restore marine ecosystems in areas where they have been adversely affected. In addition, marine strategies shall prevent and reduce inputs into the marine environment, with a view to phasing out pollution (as defined in Art. 3(8) in the MSFD), so as to ensure that there are no significant impacts on or risks to marine biodiversity, marine ecosystems, human health or legitimate uses of the sea. The economic and social (i.e. socio-economic) analyses required by the MSFD need to be understood in the context of the general objective of the Directive. The MSFD requires Member States to achieve or maintain Good Environmental Status (GES) in their waters by 2020 (Art 1.1 MSFD). The Directive states in Art. 1.3 that Member States shall, when developing marine strategies, apply an ecosystem-based approach to assess the state of their marine area and that Member States shall undertake “an analysis of the predominant pressures and impacts, including human activity, on the environmental status of those waters” as well as “an economic and social analysis of the use of those waters and of the cost of degradation of the marine environment” (Art. 8.1 MSFD). In order to fulfil the requirements for the Initial Assessment the following steps were followed as suitable to undertake:
Identify and describe the different uses of the marine environment in terms of their economic and social importance and pressures
· Identify and describe the different uses of and pressures on the marine environment.
· Assess direct and, if possible, the indirect benefits of the different uses of the marine environment.
· Describe in qualitative and, if possible, quantitative terms the pressures caused by the different uses of the marine environment.
Describe in qualitative terms and, if possible, in quantitative terms the cost of degradation of the marine environment
· In the ecosystem approach GES should be defined and environmental status assessed in a Business As Usual scenario. This will enable the description of the difference between them in qualitative and, if possible, quantitative terms.
· In the thematic approach, degradation themes and a reference condition should be defined before describing the difference between the reference situations and the current environmental status.
In the cost-based approach, all relevant current legislation should be identified and the cost and the proportion of this legislation should be assessed, prior to adding the costs attributable to the protection of the marine environment together.
LAMANS was responsible for the economic and social analysis of the use of those waters and of the cost of degradation of the marine environment.